The area known as Cappadocia houses Urgup, Goreme, Avanos, Uchisar, Derinkuyu, Kaymakli, and Ihlara. In the Persian language, Cappadocia was designated “Katpatuka,” and that signifies “the place where there is delightful ponies.” It is a staggering area of other-common stone arrangements, underground houses of worship, and underground homes, the size of which is overpowering. The region is likewise renowned for its floor covering winding around, wines, and the particular red earthenware of the Avanos region. Cappadocia was an asylum for the early Christians, who got away from abuse by living and loving underground. There are an expected 3000 stone holy places around here, not which are all open to general society. You would appreciate sight-seeing balloons, outdoors exhibition halls, rock houses of worship, underground urban communities, cave inns, and numerous different exercises looking for you in Cappadocia.
HIGHLIGHTS IN CAPPADOCIA
Urgup is arranged in focal Cappadocia. The set of experiences traces all the way back to 5,000 BC in Urgup. In written history, the name gets from Haios or Ayios. In the Byzantine time, it was called Osiana, in Seljuk times Bashisar, in the Ottoman times’ Markup.
Urgup is a town where Daily life proceeds, and these days, the town is getting well known for the television series. Urgup likewise houses quite possibly the most excellent cavern lodgings and rock development.
Uchisar is the most noteworthy slope in Cappadocia, and it is found 12 km. from Urgup and 10 km. from Nevşehir. The normal part of Uchisar Castle offers a wonderful view. It is what is going on that gave a critical benefit in protection against the Arab armed forces.
The view from Uchisar Fortress offers an eminent scene of Cappadocia and Mount Erciyes, found 80 km. Away. There is an old cavern inside the fortification, and the places of Uchisar lean against its edges.
Selime Monastery was built as two stories, and it is the greatest cloister in Cappadocia, where it is situated close to Ihlara Valley.
The Cathedral has some frescoes which demonstrate Ascension and Mary. The Selime Monastery was situated on the pack trail that they constructed a street to settle the camels. They used to rising the camels on this slope where they could likewise supplicate. The kitchen, which was planned pyramid shape to enlighten inside, assumes a significant part. The cloister had another component that it was quite possibly the main school to raise the clerics.
Selime cloister demonstrates the subtleties of Byzantine workmanship with the cut curches and its frescoes, wall paintings.
Red Valley – Rose Valley
Red Valley, Rose Valley, or Love Valley. Whoever visits this valley gives a name upon their experience. The name gets from its red-rose-shaded rock arrangements, and those make it one of the top objections of Cappadocia. Generally the guests incline toward climbing among the regular stone arrangements.
The valley was once a Roman settlement dating tenth century AD where they cut the holy places and asylums as well as water waterways. There are some houses of worship, for example, Grape Church and Cross Church. They are both cut holy places into the pixie smokestacks. There are a few other Byzantine follows, for example, Meskendir Monastery, Column Church, Three Crosses Church.
A few guests like to come to the Red Valley at sun-rise or sun-set to take the best noteworthy pictures.
The Pigeon Valley is one of the most excellent valleys of Cappadocia. The valley is around 15-20 meters inside and out. In old times, the occupants took care of the pigeons and picked the excrement to utilize, or the priests gathered pigeons’ eggs to make frescoes. Until the 1950s, individuals were living here.
Today, The Pigeon Valley is a vacation destination place for photographs, and furthermore, the tourist balloons are hovering over the valley.
Pasabag – Zelve
Zelve is situated on the precarious and northern slants of Aktepe/Cappadocia. Zelve has three valleys where the most lovely pixie fireplaces are. Albeit the standoffish life started is obscure in Cappadocia, Zelve was the main strict focus (Christianity) between the ninth and thirteenth hundreds of years in Cappadocia. Furthermore the principal strict gatherings were held for the clerics in Cappadocia. There are two holy places which are Balikli and Uzumlu, and the winery is situated in the first valley. The Church of the Holy Cross is in the second valley. In the third valley, a cloister complex cut into a vault like stone mass and through to exit, Direkli Church is found.
Pasabagı (Paşabağları) is known as the “valley of the clerics” where the colossal pixie stacks are found. This is the place where you can undoubtedly get into the stone developments and witness the antiquated way of life. The valley houses the Church St. Simeon, who carried on with a withdrawn life in Aleppo and later escaped to Cappadocia in the fifth century.
Ozkonak Underground City
The locale of Ozkonak is at a rise of 1,350 m. above ocean level, and is found 29 km. from Nevsehir, 50 km. From Nigde and 80 km. from Aksaray, in the bowl-formed volcanic Misli Ovası between Mount Erciyes and Mount Hasan. The impacts of disintegration on the sandy soil of the area are intense. Ozkonak and its environs bear rich hints of the Hittite, Phrygian, Roman, and Byzantine periods.
Underground urban communities, mental establishments, chapels, teacher schools, and a baptismal have been uncovered inside as far as possible around the Cappadocia.
Kaymakli Underground City
Kaymaklı is 20 km. from Nevsehir and 9 km. from Derinkuyu. The city’s old name of Enegup was changed by the Anatolian Greeks to Enegobi and changed again after 1924 by the Turks to Kaymaklı.
The sort of passage floor of the underground city can be dated to the Early Byzantine Era. Kaymaklı was found in 1964 and assessed as 20 mt. Profundity; it is feasible to visit the initial four levels.
Kaymaklı Underground City is one of the most visited exhibition halls in Cappadocia; when the guests enter, the Kaymaklı can see the cut places of worship, covers, wineries, ventilation shafts. Every one of the rooms are associated with one by limited passageways.
Ihlara Valley is situated in the Guzelyurt locale of Aksaray region. Ihlara Valley is 14 kilometers long and profundity, coming to from one spot to another to 120 meters and endless natural surroundings have the attribute of being the greatest gulch in the reality where individuals had resided ever. With many places of worship, covers produced using the normal stone arrangements in the valley, and the development of pixie fireplaces, Ihlara Valley has become one of the world’s generally momentous social and human advancement communities. The valley houses some chapels, for example,
Agacalti Church (Daniel Pantanassa): the paintings and the frescoes are tracing all the way back to the ninth and eleventh hundreds of years. The frescoes show the Annunciation, Nativity, Adoration of the three Maggies, Fleed to Egypt, Holy Baptism, Koimesis, and Ascension.
Kırkdamaltı Church (H. Georgios): Located in Belisirma Village in Ihlara Valley. The congregation is an unpredictable hexagonal arrangement with a level rooftop engraved in the inward structure in the apse heading toward the east. The first entryway actually exists. The congregation was redesigned by Lady Tamar, the spouse of Basileios, in the thirteenth century. The frescoes show the location of Deises, Metamorphosis, Ascension, and the picture of the Seljuk Sultan Mesut II.
Goreme Open Air Museum
Goreme Valley of Cappadocia is an ideal area for withdrawal. Found 17 km. from Nevsehir and 6 km. from Urgup, its elevation is 1,100 m. over the ocean level. Albeit the importance of the name “Goreme” is dark, it is felt that it might start as a defilement of the name Korama, given by the early Christians who escaped from the Arabs and tracked down cover there. Goreme was the origination of the martyred St. Hieron in Cappadocia.
You can see the earliest instances of Byzantine places of worship in this valley, which would be utilized as an area for teachers’ schooling. Goreme Valley has around 200 temples, and it is an outdoors exhibition hall. The expansion in the quantity of holy places happened when St Paul (10-67) chose to involve this region for the training of evangelists. You can see many temples in the gallery, for example, Monastery of Monks and Nuns, St Basileios Chapel, Apple Church, Church of St Barbara, Serpent Church, Dark Church, Sandal Church, Buckle Church, and so forth
Devrent Valley is otherwise called Imaginary Valley and Pink valley. The valley doesn’t have houses, any places of worship yet climbing courses. Devrent Valley was never a settlement for the Cappadocians ever.
The valley is found a 10-minute drive from the Goreme locale, and it has various stone arrangements that resemble creatures and people. The most momentous one is the camel-molded rock arrangement. You can utilize your creative mind and look like the other stone arrangement relying upon your own fantasies and where you can see the valley during a sight-seeing balloon visit.
Derinkuyu Underground City
Derinkuyu Underground City is around 85 meters top to bottom. Like the other underground urban communities, Derinkuyu was a settlement of the antiquated individuals in Cappadocia. It has segments, for example, basements, kitchens, slows down, wineries, and chapels. They used to give water by means of ventilation shafts which are as yet attempting to bring outside air inside.
The length of the ventilation is 55 meters inside and out. Just %10 of the underground city has been exhumed up to this point. Furthermore it was found in 1965.
Life in the cut places of the town of Çavuşin is 5 km. from the Goreme Valley, went on until 1960. This town and its nearby environs offer a wide scope of choices for walkers and climbers in its outstanding regular scenes.
You can go for a two-hour stroll beginning from the Urgup-Nevsehir parkway in the Kızılcukur Valley. There are 12 holy places in Cavusin. The main one is Grand Güvercinlik Church, worked in 964-965 by the Byzantian Emperor Nicophoras Phokas for the officers who battled and safeguarded Cappadocia against the Arab armed forces.
Avanos is the most verifiable town in Cappadocia where Daily life proceeds. As per the last exploration, the historical backdrop of Avanos traces all the way back to Hittites that the town was right off the bat named “Zuwinasa,” and that implies the place where there is ceramic.
The most seasoned working structure is Alaaddin Mosque which is the Seljuk Sultan Alaaddin Keykubat worked in 1202. Avanos is settled close to the longest stream of Turkey, which is called Kızılırmak (Red River). The waterway was designated “Marassantia” by the Hittites, “Halys” by the Romans. Avanos houses the best ceramics and pottery producers in Turkey.